Breeding occurs year-round in some (mostly tropical) species, but, among those living outside the tropics, it is seasonal. This is an adaptation to their quadrupedal locomotion. Most barbarian macaques currently live in the Cedar Forest of the Atlas Mountains, but this may reflect the current habitat rather than the specificity of this habitat. The Barbary macaque is mainly found in the Atlas and Rif Mountain ranges of Morocco and Algeria, as well as on the island of Gibraltar. Males live to a maximum of 25 years while females may live up to 30 years. In the wild she probably never would have reached this age. While southern muriquis do have a prehensile tail, which they use for locomotion or climbing, barbary macaques lack a tail at all which they could use for moving from tree to tree. Originally from the Atlas Mountains and the Rif Mountains of Morocco, the Barbary macaque population in Gibraltar is the only wild monkey population on the European continent. In general, if you take your time walking through the forest on the Affenberg you can learn a lot about barbary macaques. Barbary macaques stay on the ground most of the day usually for feeding. Please check the blog entry about white storks on the Affenberg Salem for further information about how you can get to the park. If you want to know more about facial expressions in barbary macaques, you can check the following scientific article. Meaning, the mother is known but not the father. Usually female barbary macaques reach an age of about 23 years and males of about 21 years. For example, Adonis was once the alpha male of the largest group of barbary macaques on the Affenberg Salem. If you are lucky, you can see many different behaviors like, for example, climbing, having a nap or sleeping, eating grass, carrying a baby, playing, drinking water and so on. In the past they also lived in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia where they are now considered as extinct. They are also called the snow monkey because they often live in snowy regions. Barbary macaques are very adaptable and live in a range of habitats and temperatures – they are one of the few monkeys which live in cold, snowy areas. Or maybe she would have suffered periods of food shortages? What do Barbary macaques eat? However, barbary macaques are monkeys with vestigial tail and not apes. In 1970, a skull of a Barbary macaque was found in Northern Ireland and dated back to the 3rd century BC. Interesting: Could you see in the previous photograph that barbary macaques lack a tail? For example, in 1980 and 1986 they could return about 600 barbary macaques to the wild again. However, the males often move around and are loosely parts of many different sub groups. Hundreds of Barbary macaques live on the Gibraltar Peninsula, but the animals are under threat. Anyway, barbary macaques are also very good climbers. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. If food availability, water resources and sleeping sites are good, home ranges are smaller. I observed some individuals playing, especially the young barbary macaques. During the feeding time I also learned that there are some differences between males and females. Perhaps Gibraltar's most important tourist attraction, the Barbary Macaques are normally found in North Africa, but their presence in Gibraltar probably dates from the early days of the British garrison when it is presumed that they were imported, inevitably finding the rough limestone cliffs and scrub vegetation a congenial habitat. According to estimations from the years 2006/2007 there are about between 6.000 to 10.000 barbary macaques left in the wild in Morocco and Algeria. As it was such a hot day on my visit, I saw quite many barbary macaques sleeping in different (and funny) sleeping positions. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. On the Affenberg Salem they can live a life which is close to their life in Morocco and Algeria. Although referred to as the Barbary Ape, it is a true monkey. Weight : Average body weight for adults is 10kg in females and 15kg in males. I'm Tanja and the face behind Wildlife Travel. Males usually outrank females. The dense fur contrasts with their faces, which have naked skin, as do their rump, which is red in adults. (Kuester and Paul, 1999; Mehlman, 1989) Average lifespan The Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) is the only macaque species found outside of Asia and the only primate species found north of the Sahara in Africa. This website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors to the site, and the most popular pages. Important to mention here is that physical fitness is not sufficient for becoming an alpha male. The Barbary macaque is the only species of macaque found outside of Asia. Not performers. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. As is the case in many other species, habitat destruction is … Answer. As barbary macaques live in social groups, you can observe many different behaviors like playing or grooming, but also aggression. The Affenberg Salem works together with two other parks in France and England. Fun facts about the barbary macaque There are roughly 250 individuals living on the Rock of Gibraltar. It belongs from the Old World Monkeys. In that age they are not considered as competitors as they are still too small, and thus, it is easier for them to integrate in a group. 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