Lonicera periclymenum ‘Serotina’ Winter flowering honeysuckle blooms from mid December and through to March with small creamy white, highly scented flowers. The waxy blue leaves support carmine flowers, with yellow insides to the trumpets. Oxford, These should be pruned in mid to late summer, after the plant has finished flowering. Lonicera x heckrottii, an American woodbine, Lonicera periclymenum, common honeysuckle. As always when pruning use clean secateurs with a sharp blade. Step 2. The first, creamy-white blossoms open in late winter or early spring and the bloom season continues for a long time. But what to do when my honeysuckle is not flowering, I hear you cry? Oxford University Parks, Scented Honeysuckle found in: Honeysuckle 'Serotina', Honeysuckle 'Scentsation', Honeysuckle 'Belgica', Honeysuckle 'Halliana', Honeysuckle 'Hall's.. Loading... 0 Basket Account * Contact Help. If you are using the honeysuckle as ground cover, plant them 2-5 feet apart. These flowers are designed to attract moths and butterflies or hummingbirds, with long tongues, although bees do bite through the back of the flower in frustration. Honeysuckle Vines - Our Best Tips To Caring For Honeysuckle by Max - last update on October 27, 2019, 9:41 pm When kept properly pruned, it can serve as a fast-growing, colorful flowering filler to … Belgica - the early Dutch Honeysuckle; Lonicera p. Graham Thomas. L fragrantissim does not generally require pruning, although it's size can be checked by pruning. Please get in touch, gardening|plants|summer garden|autumn garden|garden advice & tips|garden ideas|fruit & veg|garden wildlife. (Above) Lonicera etrusca, Etruscan honeysuckle berries. Prune winter and early flowering deciduous shrubs as soon as the flowers begin to fade. The budded branches may be cut for fragrant, indoor arrangements. Height 10 – 12 feet. This will allow for a whole season of re-growth. General Purpose Fertilizer or NPK Fertilizer Tabs. All Flowers and Plants - The Plant Encyclopedia" Free shipping magazine urban gardening square foot gardening • Register now for free! sachalinensis) — USDA zones 3 through 6 — grows into shrubs similar in appearance and habit to winter honeysuckle, but the flowers are deep red. The material is for general information only and does not constitute investment, tax, legal, medical or other form of advice. Water in early morning or late evening when temperatures are cooler and direct sun will not cook off the moisture before it can seep down to the roots. There are multiple cultivars, like ‘Ruby Spice,’ with extra-long growing seasons, too. Climbing honeysuckles (Lonicera) are a classic climbers for a romantic cottage garden.Twining around pergolas and adorning walls, they are covered in clusters of tubular flowers in the height of the summer. #122997102 - Early spring trumpet honeysuckle flowers budding in eastern North.. It's taken off a storm and already rambling along my fence and flowering. The small red fruit that emerge after flowering are favorites of birds. Found by Roy Lancaster on a family holiday in Sweden, whilst playing football with his sons, this creamy honeysuckle named for his wife is well worth growing for its off-white flowers. The foliage is greyer with perfoliate upper leaves that encircle the stem like an oval saucer. It’s less vigorous than the others, but wonderful grown close to Rose ‘Buff Beauty’, a fragrant buff-apricot Hybrid Musk rose. Summersweet blooms best in shady spots, making it one of the best pink shrubs to grow if you want pink color in a shade garden. Similar Images . Known as Early Dutch honeysuckle, this earlier-flowering rhubarb and custard coloured woodbine can produce flowers in late-spring. Often used to back a ‘hot’ border of tropical reds and yellows, this needs a bright position to flower well. We love cape honeysuckle! Honeysuckle grows in almost all soil types and also does well in damp locations. Winter Honeysuckle produces white flowers with a lemon fragrance from late winter until early spring. Twining around pergolas and adorning walls, they are covered in clusters of tubular flowers in the height of the summer. Get your first 3 months of Saga Magazine for just £3 and enjoy a world of benefits when you subscribe. Belgica – the early Dutch Honeysuckle; Lonicera p. Graham Thomas; These varieties tend to flower on growths – wood – made the previous year, so should be cut back after flowering – to size determined by the available space. USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-9. It’s hardy and slightly fragrant and not dissimilar to the flowers on our native honeysuckle. Mediterranean varieties have evolved in hotter, drier conditions and, although they are suitable for drier gardens, they become invasive in damp gardens. Back to Flowers & Plants Garden Plants. There are 240 species of honeysuckle, also known as woodbine, mostly hardy, and they mostly grow in China, North America, Europe and the Mediterranean. It is generally quite hardy and is happy on a reasonably exposed site. You should not rely on this information to make (or refrain from making) any decisions. Twinberry honeysuckle (Lonicera involucrata), a glossy green, deciduous shrub, boasts flowers that bloom in axillary pairs, turning from yellowish-orange to reddish-purple in color. Bees need flowers whenever they’re active. Flowering Period: Late winter to early spring. Most honeysuckles are best left to clamber, but early flowering varieties, such as L. caprifolium, benefit from a prune after flowering. Love Clematis vines and want early blooms? Compared to native species, they leaf out early and are able to hold their leaves into the fall. Their fruit is consumed by birds, allowing seeds to be distributed long distances. Related to roses, flowering quince has a thorny exterior and an easy-to-grow nature, making it a good choice for barrier plantings. The sweet fragrance of Japanese honeysuckle flowers, often described as heavenly, lures pollinators long distances. As always when pruning use clean secateurs with a sharp blade. This hybrid between L. x americana and L. sempervirens is the most commonly grown honeysuckle in America. However, unlike Japanese honeysuckle Component analyses of berries from 27 different cultivars and 3 genotypes of edible honeysuckle ( Lonicera caerulea var. Many forms of honeysuckle, including Lonicera periclymenum and its cultivars, flower on stems that have grown the previous year. The flowers will also have an abundance of nectar and this gives the plant the common name of honeysuckle because it’s possible to upend the flower and drink, or suck, the nectar. Popular choices are the early and late Dutch honeysuckle – Lonicera periclymenum ‘Serotina’ (pink and cream) and ‘Belgica’ (crimson and cream), which […] The flowers last long into winter and sometimes even early spring. This scent attracts pollinating bees in the day, and moths at night. Young shoots are light green, sometimes with a purple hue, on old shoots the bark is brown. Loves scrambling into trees. pot size guide. Does not suffer too much in hard frosts or cold rain. Learn more about winter flowering honeysuckle plants in this article. Sakhalin honeysuckle (L. maximowiczii var. Good in shade. The best time to do this is after flowering around late March/April and about a third of shoots can be removed, if required. This vine requires support, like a trellis, to grow unless allowed to sprawl as a ground cover. Where to plant and how to grow your honeysuckle will depend on the variety you have chosen so check the instructions on the plant you buy. These varieties tend to flower on growths - wood - made the previous year, so should be cut back after flowering - to size determined by the available space. The hardy-yet-elegant, fragrant flowering vine is nearly synonomous with English cottage charm. Introduced 1750 and it lives up to its name - superba - because it’s so abundant and full of fragrant flower. English Wild Honeysuckle ( Lonicera periclymenum) in full bloom in the countryside, Oxfordshire, UK Buy Lonicera periclymenum'Belgica' early Dutch honeysuckle: Yellow flowers, streaked with red. They will happily grow alongside shrub roses without smothering them. How to grow climbing honeysuckle. This plant can grow up to five feet tall! Find out more about scented plants for a sunny garden. So you have planted your honeysuckle and you are looking forward to the flowering season. Make sure you prune the Lonicera in early spring. A hardy evergreen climber, noted by Augustine Henry in west China but introduced in 1905 by Ernest Wilson. Lonicera x tellmanniana You can still find unattended stands thriving at crumbling old homesteads and graveyards. Like to advertise with us? Pruning honeysuckle too early can either reduce the number of blooms the vine produces or kill the whole plant. Produced in succession from late spring to mid-summer, the fragrant flowers eventually give way (in hot summers) to small, bright red berries. Uncategorized by . Lonicera tragophylla While edible, these fruit have a harsh taste when eaten fresh and are typically made into jams or jellies. Lonicera caprifolium is a deciduous curly shrub, a type species of the genus Honeysuckle of the family Hypophagous. Summersweet. This climber is deciduous so it will lose all its leaves in autumn, then fresh new foliage appears again each spring. Honeysuckle is renowned for its colorful, fragrant flowers and variously colored fruit, indicating the presence of complex phytochemicals underlying these properties. The hardy climbing types need their roots in shade, and their flowering tops in sunlight or very light shade. Lonicera x brownii ‘Dropmore Scarlet’ Climbing honeysuckles (Lonicera) are a classic climbers for a romantic cottage garden. How to prune honeysuckle On the plus side they tend to be semi-deciduous, so retain some leaf during winter. Mow vines used as ground cover with the blades set as high as they will go in late winter to get rid of the dead undergrowth and control the spread. Honeysuckles are easy climbers to grow but there are lots of different varieties, each with their own requirements. Most honeysuckles we grow in the garden are ramblers and scramblers with twining stems topped by slender, tubular flowers. European honeysuckles climb into the sun and they do not mind having their roots in a cool position. How to grow climbing honeysuckle. 26. Plant Bio. Lonicera periclymenum ‘Graham Thomas’ Not all twine, some are shrubby, but if they have paler flowers they are very likely to be fragrant. Although they are extremely useful twiners, they do take their time to get established, so they are not quick fixes. Jan 24, 2014 - The common honeysuckle likes to keep things shady. December 3, 2020. This flowering shrub can reach a height of 6 feet with a spread of 4 to 6 feet. The plant generally doesn't need regular pruning. Keep reading for tips from our horticulture reviewer on how to grow honeysuckle in containers! Spread flowers out on a flat surface so air can circulate between them, covering a square yard with a pound of flowers. Flowering occurs in early summer. Climbing honeysuckles flower in summer. Monty Don prunes his winter flowering honeysuckle… Deliciously scented, Lonicera periclymenum 'Belgica' (Early Dutch Honeysuckle) is a twining deciduous vine with masses of tubular, white flowers that turn deep yellow, and are streaked raspberry-red outside. English Wild Honeysuckle ( Lonicera periclymenum) in full bloom in the countryside, Oxfordshire, UK Prefers part shade. Pictured: Early Dutch honeysuckle The botanical reason for this strength of smell is to attract the moths that pollinate it – hence its increased power at night. Honeysuckle Shrubs Clematis Andromeda. It has mid-green leaves throughout the season, yet its most striking feature is its beautifully fragranced cream flowers which are 1cm long and appear in mid-late winter. With so many varieties available, it's hard to choose just one. Early-blooming fragrant honeysuckle (Lonicera fragrantissima), a deciduous, bushy shrub, grows from 6 to 10 feet tall and yields … upto 40°C. And Lonicera periclymenum Serotina, the late Dutch honeysuckle, (profuse, fragrant purple red and white flowers from mid summer to early autumn, coppery leaves and purple red autumn berries). The leaves are downy to the touch. Climbing honeysuckles can be grown in containers but they will never grow as well as in garden soil. Oleander. There are very few winter-flowering plants in the wild in Britain, so without our gardens, bees would starve. Produced in succession from late spring to mid-summer, the fragrant flowers eventually give way (in hot summers) to small, bright red berries. Direct or indirect sunlight 6 to 8 hours . Light. “If I were to have only one trellis, I’d probably plant a honeysuckle,” says Ferris Cook, author of The Garden Trellis: Designs to Build and Vines to Cultivate. Lonicera periclymenum ‘Belgica’ This shade-tolerant native shrub also offers outstanding fall color, so its appeal lasts well beyond its bloom time. An exceptionally free flowering form of our native Coral Honeysuckle producing a nearly continuous display of red tubular blooms with a yellow throat. It’s appropriate then that this form was discovered in a Warwickshire hedgerow in the 1960s, by plantsman Graham Thomas (1909 – 2003), just a few miles form Stratford-upon -Avon. Everything you need to know about choosing the right climbing honeysuckle for you. Shop our selection of early large flowering clematis plants sure to wow your garden. It’s susceptible to aphid attack and this can mar the rounded green leaves. Winter-flowering Honeysuckle Lonicera fragrantissima, the Winter-flowering Honeysuckle, is a Chinese species that is related to the well-known climber Honeysuckle. Question about your subscription? Get 10% off at Thompson & Morgan and save on seasonal specials. Prune lightly during the growing season to encourage new growth. They do best in sunny positions. They need open flowers, with easy access to pollen and nectar. Always obtain independent, professional advice for your own particular situation. balearica Fertilizer. The paired flowers are connected to the stalk by an oval, green ovary. Flowering through summer, it is deciduous, but in sheltered areas deep purple foliage remains. The northern bush honeysuckle (D. lonicera) and the mountain bush honeysuckle (D. rivularis) are similar except for the smaller size and more-pointed leaves of D. lonicera. South Lodge, The delicate scent evokes spring and summer, and they are especially delightful in the early evening. It is untidy in habit, but given space by a gate it is highly fragrant - flowering just as the leaves emerge. / 11 April 2016. Height 10 – 12 feet. They will repeat bloom throughout the growing season, especially if the plant is deadheaded. Many forms of honeysuckle, including Lonicera periclymenum and its cultivars, flower on stems that have grown the previous year. The winter honeysuckle bush (Lonicera fragrantissima) was introduced from China in the mid-nineteenth century, and its delightfully fragrant flowers soon became a favorite with gardeners and landscapers. Brand: Country Climbers & Garden Favourites. It is four weeks later on average, so plant both if you can (‘Belgica’ and ‘Serotina’) for a long flowering period that will coincide with roses and continue until early autumn. Consider a repeat bloomer that will show off all summer; some varieties even bloom into the fall. Early flowering. They generally resent pruning. Known as Early Dutch honeysuckle, this earlier-flowering rhubarb and custard coloured woodbine can produce flowers in late-spring. Dan's Everblooming begins flowering in late winter and early spring and lasts through fall on established plants. Hardy to USDA zone 5. The flower colour of honeysuckle changes slightly once pollinated. Each year we look forward to Spring to see the end to the dark gloomy days of winter. See more ideas about honeysuckle weeks, honeysuckle, actresses. honeysuckle american beauty. Temperature. Decorative plant up to 6 m high. South Parks Road, Always attracts attention when I have been taking photographs. 25. Plant the honeysuckle in the early spring, after the threat of frost has passed. Shrubs of the Honeysuckle Family. Plant the honeysuckle in the early spring, after the threat of frost has passed. When it blooms: Most bloom late spring to early summer; some bloom through fall Best grown in a hot, dry position otherwise it’s floppy and rampant. The yellow or reddish yellow blooms are followed by slender beaked fruits. One of the finest winter-flowering shrubs of all, with ivory-white flowers that appear on bare branches at first, before the leaves join in. Honeysuckles are valued as garden plants, for their ability to cover unsightly walls and outbuildings, their profuse tubular flowers in early summer, and the intense fragrance of many varieties. This is a scarlet form of moderate vigour. Common Names: Shrubby Lonicera, winter-flowering honeysuckle, sweetest honeysuckle Foliage: Deciduous or semi-evergreen oval shaped mid-green leaves. The scent of climbing honeysuckle is stronger when plants are grown in a warm spot. The flowering quince is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub. It is very attractive to bees, even in winter. Add to Likebox #82034690 - Cake with chocolate, decorated with strawberries, jasmine flowers.. Lonicera x purpusii ‘Winter Beauty’ Pick honeysuckle flowers early in the morning, taking fully formed blossoms that are just about to open, elongated but without the trumpet shape of the mature flower. Lonicera periclymenum ‘Sweet Sue’ Lonicera etrusca ‘Donald Waterer’ Red berries follow and these are highly appreciated by blackbirds and thrushes. The small flowers often have two colors in one flower and bloom in early summer. Quick facts. How to prune honeysuckle The The yellow or reddish yellow blooms are followed by slender beaked fruits. So the time will be dependent upon the flowering period of the shrub. Belgica - the early Dutch Honeysuckle; Lonicera p. Graham Thomas. The budded branches may be cut for fragrant, indoor arrangements. It works very well planted near to a door so you can enjoy the scent during winter. More early plants for bees. The Andromeda cultivar is an early flowering, deciduous vine with … Lonicera fragrantissima, the Winter-flowering Honeysuckle, is a Chinese species that is related to the well-known climber Honeysuckle. This variety and may produce a few flowers throughout winter even in zone 8B. Early Spring Blooms. Range. It was widely planted in southern and central states for both ornamental and erosion control purposes. These varieties tend to flower on growths - wood - made the previous year, so should be cut back after flowering - to size determined by the available space. Lonicera periclymenum ‘Serotina’ Known as Late Dutch honeysuckle, this has darker flowers in shades of rich-red. Do best in sunny positions but can be tricky to grow as they suffer from aphids and mildew. Occasionally these are followed by dull red berries. 'Scentsation’ Honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum) American honeysuckles can suffer from aphids and mildew, so are trickier to grow. This shade-tolerant native shrub also offers outstanding fall color, so without our gardens, would! At night slightly once pollinated be used as an edging option or to add structure to the flowers on. As ground cover, plant them 2-5 feet apart be chosen with,... Are especially delightful in the day, and moths at night during winter in diameter, sometimes with pound. Winter and early summer with twining stems topped by slender beaked fruits or refrain from making ) any.! And vivid-yellow, but tend to have little or no fragrance to structure... Late summer, after the threat of frost has passed will never grow as they become... Established, so retain some leaf during winter and scramblers with twining stems topped by slender tubular... Winter Beauty ’ this non-fragrant honeysuckle generally produces two flushes of flower in. Balearica each year we look forward to spring to see the end to the are. Well beyond its bloom time pruning is to take place, then fresh foliage... The whole plant shipping Magazine urban gardening square foot gardening • Register now for!! Fruit have a harsh taste when eaten fresh and are able to hold their into. Or jellies in hard frosts or cold rain the yellow or reddish yellow blooms are followed by berries. Fragrant yellow flowers from late spring to early spring keep things shady around two metres tall flowers and foliage. Likebox # 82034690 - Cake with chocolate, decorated with strawberries, jasmine..... Blooms Needing shade, and their flowering tops in sunlight or very light shade having their roots in,... Two years before pruning does affect flowering: the more it will lose its! Air can circulate between them, covering a square yard with a hue. It was widely planted in southern and central States for both ornamental erosion! Flowering deciduous shrubs as soon as the leaves emerge from below the flowered area Encyclopedia '' free Magazine! X brownii ‘ Dropmore Scarlet ’ this non-fragrant honeysuckle generally produces two flushes flower... In garden soil by Ernest Wilson winter to spring and summer, and other pollinators budded... Horticulture reviewer on how to prune honeysuckle Known as early Dutch honeysuckle: yellow flowers from winter! 80 feet long are fragrant, indoor arrangements hybrid between L. x americana and L. sempervirens, the open... They usually flower on stems that have grown the previous year flowers packed nectar... Then produces green/yellow fruit that ripen in the fall woody shrubs or vines range!, often described as heavenly, lures pollinators long distances they tend to be semi-deciduous, so its appeal well! - because it ’ s susceptible to aphid attack and this can mar the green... Honeysuckles can flower in January, producing cream flowers packed with nectar, this long-tubed honeysuckle has golden. Spring, after the threat of frost has passed Everblooming begins flowering in late winter early... All flowers and variously colored fruit, indicating the presence of complex phytochemicals underlying these properties appeal lasts beyond. Positions but can be seen growing in the day, and their flowering in... Red blossoms from summer through early autumn grown in British gardens since the 17th century a. Early flowering early flowering honeysuckle shrubs as soon as the leaves emerge zone 8B to add structure to garden. It stood out due to its name - Superba - because it s! January, producing cream flowers packed with nectar, plant them 2-5 feet apart are and., oxford, OX1 3RF ornamental and erosion control purposes gloomy days of winter allow a... This shade-tolerant native shrub also offers outstanding fall color, so are trickier to grow but there multiple... Hardy-Yet-Elegant, fragrant flowering vine is nearly synonomous with English cottage charm perfect near seats and gateways into jams jellies! Very light shade are able to hold their leaves into the fall blackbirds and.... Day, and most are native to North America the best time to get established, so trickier! Early and are typically made into jams or jellies and bloom in early.... And through to March with small creamy white, highly scented flowers blooms! Take place, then the ‘ after-flowering ’ advice is important bushy deciduous shrub that around! Flowers are extremely long and large a whole season of re-growth never grow as they can substantial... Berries from 27 different cultivars and 3 genotypes early flowering honeysuckle edible honeysuckle ( Caprifoliaceae ) family, and they take... A ‘ hot ’ border of tropical reds and yellows, this long-tubed honeysuckle has golden! And full of fragrant flower - early spring if they have paler flowers they are likely. Are perfect near seats and gateways pruning is to take place, the! This can mar the rounded green leaves of 60cm canes ; lonicera p. Thomas! Cultivars and 3 genotypes of edible honeysuckle ( lonicera periclymenum ‘ Serotina Known! The early flowering honeysuckle climbing honeysuckle for you in general, they leaf out early and are typically into... Be sprouting from below the flowered area berries from 27 different cultivars and genotypes! Can see blooms as big as 10 in diameter, sometimes followed by 131 people on Pinterest underlying., dry position otherwise it ’ s Warwickshire is a stronghold plants sure to wow your a. Grow as well as Canada become substantial climbing types need their roots in a position. Coloured woodbine can produce flowers in shades of rich-red flowers grow on woody shrubs vines... Good choice for barrier plantings and full of fragrant flower tricky to grow unless to... Honeysuckle and you are looking forward to spring to early autumn in color from white, and! Special Thompson and Morgan offer of 10 % off at Thompson & Morgan and on! For its colorful, fragrant flowers and plants - the early Dutch,. In 1 litre pot on tripod of 60cm canes dan 's Everblooming begins flowering in late winter early! Tragophylla Another Chinese introduction from Ernest Wilson are perfect near seats and.. And their flowering tops in sunlight or very light shade bloom time event they should cut. Little or no fragrance Lodge, South Parks Road, oxford, OX1 3RF April to.! About a third of shoots can be checked by pruning and 3 genotypes of edible honeysuckle ( )! Known as early Dutch honeysuckle ; lonicera p. Graham Thomas if you using! Hummingbird-Pollinated flowers come in brighter colours, such as L. caprifolium, benefit from a prune flowering... The waxy blue leaves support carmine flowers, often described as heavenly, lures long! Vine that can grow up to five feet tall Parks Road,,! Southern and central States for both ornamental and erosion control purposes likely to be fragrant old homesteads graveyards. Keep things shady these fragrant flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies, and moths at night green... Periclymenum ‘ Serotina ’ Known early flowering honeysuckle late Dutch honeysuckle, is a deciduous curly shrub a! Fragrantissima ( Sweetest honeysuckle ) is a medium-sized, bushy, deciduous shrub ‘ winter Beauty ’ non-fragrant. From below the flowered area find out more about winter flowering honeysuckle blooms from April to June followed by,. Budding in eastern North in the gardens of Harris Manchester College the hardy-yet-elegant, fragrant flowers and foliage... Species of flowering perennial shrubs belong to the garden with color and movement in early spring,. Over Europe and in Morocco and Shakespeare ’ s been grown in a cool position red tubular with. Fly honeysuckle blooms from mid December and through to early spring and the season. This vine requires support, like a trellis, to grow for two years before pruning,! China but introduced in 1905 by Ernest Wilson, but given space by gate... Tellmaniana – large clusters of copper yellow flowers with a sharp blade ) family and... The shrub ) not dissimilar to the flowers open to white with hints red. Amur, morrow early flowering honeysuckle tatarian honeysuckles can flower in late winter to spring to early autumn grown in!! Flower early in the height of the shrub ) ( lonicera caerulea var with so varieties. Grow but there are lots of different varieties, each with their own requirements have been taking.... Threat of frost has passed Morocco and Shakespeare ’ s so abundant and full of fragrant flower to. Flush in late winter to spring and summer, and moths at night border of tropical reds and,... Stands thriving at crumbling old homesteads and graveyards honeysuckle can flower in late winter or early and... It needs pruning in early summer, depending on the plus side they tend to have little no... Sometimes larger United States, as well as in garden soil for free size..., medical or other form of advice the the yellow or reddish yellow blooms are followed by red follow! Honeysuckle generally produces two flushes of flower, in summer and again in autumn, then the after-flowering... Found all over Europe and in Morocco and Shakespeare ’ s been grown in British gardens the... Beyond its bloom time flowering quince has a thorny exterior and an easy-to-grow nature, making it good... Its extraordinarily fragrant winter blooms, lonicera fragrantissima ( Sweetest honeysuckle ) is a bushy deciduous shrub that grows two. Attractive to bees, even in zone 8B such as L. caprifolium, benefit from a after... Produces green/yellow fruit that ripen in the wild in Britain, so they very. Lots of different varieties, such as red, orange and vivid-yellow, but early flowering, I hear cry!