Chad is estimated to be one of the areas for where the human species originated. A brief overview. HISTORY OF CHAD including Colonial period, Independence. Chad was separated from Ubangi-Shari in 1920 to form a fourth colony. TIMELINE. Timeline: Chad BBC News Online, Wednesday 9 May 2001, 10:49 GMT A chronology of key events: 1883-93—Sudanese adventurer Rabih al-Zubayr conquers the kingdoms of Ouadai, Baguirmi and Kanem-Bornu, situated in what is now Chad. The area which is now known as Chad has a long and complicated history. Chad has a long and colorful history dating all the way back to the 7th millennium BC, when human populations began migrating to the area. It comprised a total area of 969,112 square miles (2,500,000 sq km). Chad is one of several potential sites for the cradle humankind in africa following discovery seven million … The history of Chad is one of the longest recorded histories on earth. Then came the oil companies which greedily took advantage by promising to help the country of Chad in … It was first formed by the federation of 3 French imperial colonies: Gabon, Middle Congo, and Ubangi-Shari-Chad. Chad did not exist as a political unit before the French conquest of 1900, but was an area of important indigenous state formation and had seen Arab immigration (of groups collectively called Djoheina and Hassaouna) and … It was a central part of some of Africa's greatest Empires such as the Kanem-Borno, which originated in the south western part of Chad. Two important rivers, the Chari and the Logone run into freshwater Lake Chad. Some key dates in Chad's history: 1883-93 - Sudanese adventurer Rabih al-Zubayr conquers the kingdoms of Ouadai, Baguirmi and Kanem-Bornu, situated in what is now Chad. Chad (arabic; French tchad), officially the republic of chad, is a landlocked country in central africa. aside BBC’s Timeline For Chad, Africa From 1946-2017 Around 2001, oil, black gold was discovered in the poverty stricken country of Chad in Africa. Chad is a country in Africa situated in the central northern region and located in the Sahara zone, which means the climate is humid and hot. Historical Events. Chad is the fifth largest country in Africa. 1900—France defeats al-Zubayr's army. The decision resulted in one of the most controversial Supreme Court decisions in American history. The history of Chad. In May, 2004, Chad's national assembly approved a constitutional amendment that ended the two-term limit on the presidency, allowing Déby to run for a third term in 2006. By the last years of the 1st millennium BC, a range of empires and states had been established in the Sahelian sectors of the country which were actively involved in trans-Saharan trade. Colonial period: 1900-1958: The extensive area of central Africa from the Ubangi river to the Sahara has been a heartland of the slave trade during the 17th to 19th centuries. Chad also has received refugees from the Central African Republic, 30,000 of whom fled a coup there in 2003 and smaller numbers that were displaced by banditry in 2005. Chad was a part of the french colonial empire from 1900 to 1960. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. 1913—French conquest of Chad completed; Chad becomes a colony within French Equatorial Africa. 1903-12-29 French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad and Ubangi-Shari; 1940-08-26 Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France's first black colonial governor.